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ERIC Number: ED505295
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2002
Pages: 37
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
ISBN: ISBN-0-662-33012-9
Economic Performance of Off-Reserve Aboriginal Canadians: A Study of Groups at Risk of Social Exclusion
Fleury, Dominique
Human Resources Development Canada
Aboriginal people have already been identified as belonging to those groups of people who are most at risk of experiencing social exclusion in Canada. This document does not seek to compare Aboriginal people with the rest of the Canadian population but rather with the members of other high risk groups. Specifically, it examines, from a longitudinal perspective, the relative economic performance of a specific group of Aboriginal people, those living off reserve, and attempts to understand why they do better in economic terms than the members of the other high risk groups. Essentially, it finds that, despite the fact that off-reserve Aboriginal people do not have a high level of education, their mobility out of the Aboriginal group is rare and they generally have more risk factors than people belonging to other high risk groups, their participation in the labour market is higher and more stable than the latter's. Their relatively favorable situation in the labour market enables off-reserve Aboriginal people to more frequently escape persistent poverty than members of the other high risk groups. This stronger economic performance is in large part attributable to a specific group of off-reserve Aboriginal people, these being the ones that are not registered under Canada's Indian Act. The organization of this Working Paper is as follows. After a brief discussion of the concept of social exclusion, the database used (The Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics) will be presented and the chosen measure of poverty (persistent poverty) along with the technical details related to the manipulation of data will be set out. Then, the descriptive statistics on persistent poverty in the different groups will be presented to clearly illustrate the stronger economic performance of off-reserve Aboriginal people. The next sections will be dedicated to, first, the presentation of the four most plausible explanations to explain this fact and, second, to the presentation of the reasons that effectively explain their strong performance in terms of persistent poverty compared to the other high risk groups. Finally, the key points of the study will be summarized in the conclusion. (Contains 17 figures, 2 tables, and a bibliography.)
Human Resources Development Canada. Service Canada, Ottawa, ON K1A 0J9, Canada. Tel: 1-800-926-9105; Fax: 613-941-1827; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Development Canada, Applied Research Branch
Identifiers - Location: Canada