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ERIC Number: ED505250
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 32
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 0
American Academic: The State of the Higher Education Workforce 1997-2007
American Federation of Teachers (NJ)
Using the most recent ten years of federal data, this report examines the state of the higher education workforce in the United States. This report, which will be an annual report produced by AFT Higher Education, documents the trend of relying more and more on contingent faculty in higher education who may be underpaid and undersuported. The report reviews trends and where we are today, and describes what the future may hold if higher education continues its current hiring patterns. Additionally, the report touches on the differences in contingent faculty trends by gender and race/ethnicity. The report also examines trends in the mix of noninstructional staff in higher education, which will provide the basis for a detailed analysis of this subject in the future. The report finds that the number of full-time tenured and tenure-track faculty members declined from approximately one-third of the instructional staff in 1997 to just over one-quarter in 2007. The increased reliance on contingent faculty and instructors is manifested in all sectors of higher education, although the mix varies by institutional type. The number of noninstructional staff grew by 24 percent from 1997-2007, with the most significant growth in the category of professional staff, which increased by 50 percent. Finally, the number of administrators, the majority of whom were full time, also increased by a substantial percentage. While the higher education workforce is growing overall--including some expansion of full-time positions--the data presented here clearly demonstrate that American higher education is steadily moving toward an overwhelming reliance on contingent instructional labor. (Contains 13 notes, 7 figures and 5 tables.)
American Federation of Teachers. 555 New Jersey Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20001. Tel: 202-879-4400; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Federation of Teachers, Washington, DC.