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ERIC Number: ED504957
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Encapsulating Moral Dilemma through Short Story: Challenging Pre-Service Teachers to Critically Think about the Student/Teacher Personality and Leadership Dynamic
Lennon, Sean M.
Online Submission, Paper Presented at the ATE (Association of Teacher Educators) Summer Conference (Milwaukee, WI, 2007)
Pre-service teachers and education students in three different classes (N = 53) were directed to read a short story by Mark Twain titled "Heaven or Hell?" written within a compilation of short stories late in his career. The story, "Heaven or Hell?" illustrates a koan, or an unanswerable moral or ethical dilemma. The students, after finishing the reading, were asked to analyze the characters and situation(s) as described within the tale, first through an inquisitive (written) questioning activity then through open dialogue. The design of the lesson was to implement a critical thinking/inquiry activity where students were forced to realize potentially impossible and drastic situations and to use inquiry and inductive constructs to rationalize the situation and characters. The written questioning component directed students to define individual characters through the Five Factor Method (FFM) for trait analysis, a popular and widely accepted personality construct. Once the characters were delineated through the personality matrix students were then asked to determine (in their view) what peer or leadership structures existed in the story and what person and/or personality would make for a good teacher. All student responses were delineated through descriptive analysis as well as anecdotal evidence determined in later class discussions. (Contains 4 tables.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Wisconsin