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ERIC Number: ED504953
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1548-6613
Knowledge and Values in Science Textbooks Concerning Complexity in Ecological Systems and Environmental Problems: A Cross-cultural Study on Secondary School Manuals
Boujemaa, Agorram; Silvia, Caravita; Adriana, Valente; Daniela, Luzi; Nicola, Margnelli
Online Submission, US-China Education Review v6 n2 p25-37 Feb 2009
The study was carried out within the European research project "Biology, Health and Environmental Education for Better Citizenship" that joined 18 European and North-African countries. We report here the methodology and some of the conclusions drawn from an analysis of science textbooks that considered the topics ecology and environmental education (EEE). Grids were conceived with the aim of revealing value systems conveyed by the exposition of the content and by images. We concentrate on the explicit/implicit presence of two of the four conceptions that have been investigated: complex vs. linear and relation of humans respect to nature in relation to the sub-topics ecosystems and ecological cycles and pollution. Dogmatism, scientism, and non-historical approach were also checked. The findings from the analysis of the sample of seven Italian textbooks for lower and higher secondary school are illustrated and compared with those obtained in Morocco. The outcomes of the analyses show that ecology is not oversimplified, and structural descriptions appear more articulate than the relational and the dynamical ones. The view of ecology communicated by most of the textbooks is rather superficial and incomplete under many respects that we specify. The topic pollution is treated in a fragmentary way, as a "call of attention" added to the description of the environmental components or in Cards included in the chapters concerning the human body. The higher secondary school manuals do not contain more and more articulate information nor they more deeply account concrete cases, familiar to students' experience. Regardless of cultural differences and the diversity in the environmental contexts, the examined topics are treated in a very similar way in the Italian and Moroccan textbooks, as if a globalized approach to EE prevails on the attention for the construction of students' environmental identity. (Contains 5 tables.)
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Italy; Morocco