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ERIC Number: ED504818
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-May
Pages: 98
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 78
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Developing Social Skills in Children Who Have Disabilities through the Use of Social Stories and Visual Supports
Fisher, Kristi; Haufe, Theresa
Online Submission
The purpose of this action research project was to improve the social skills of eight preschool students and four first grade and second grade students through the use of Social Stories and visual supports to create a more positive learning environment. The teacher researchers wanted to increase the social skills of students who had been diagnosed with speech and language delays, learning disabilities, Autism Spectrum Disorder and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. This project was conducted from August 25, 2008 to November 14, 2008.The targeted students had difficulty sharing materials and toys with their peers, and taking turns in teacher-directed activities. The teacher researchers created and implemented two Social Stories with visual supports that addressed sharing and turn-taking. The teacher researchers spent 15 minutes daily on the targeted social skill. The teacher chose a different structured activity each day to work on the targeted skill to promote generalization of the skills being taught. Throughout the twelve week period, data was collected using five different tools which included a Parent Social Skills Rating Scale, Teacher Social Skills Rating Scale, Sharing Checklist, Turn-Taking Checklist, Journal Reflection Template-Sharing and Journal Reflection Template-Turn-Taking. According to the data collected over the course of the research project, the teacher researchers found that the students had made gains in their ability to both share and turn-take with their peers. The teacher researchers believe that the strategies implemented throughout the research project helped teach students appropriate social skills. The teacher researchers feel that the use of Social Stories and visual supports ultimately aided students in developing and strengthening their sharing and turn-taking skills. Six appendixes are included: (1) Parent Social Skills Rating Scale; (2) Teacher Social Skills Rating Scale; (3) Sharing Checklist; (4) Turn-Taking Checklist; (5) Journal Reflection Template--Sharing; and (6) Journal Reflection template--Turn-Taking. (Contains 21 figures and 2 tables.) [Master of Arts Action Research Project, Saint Xavier University.]
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; Grade 1; Grade 2; Preschool Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A