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ERIC Number: ED504654
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 13
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 13
Readiness and Success: Statewide Implementation of EXPLORE and PLAN. Issues in College Readiness
ACT, Inc.
States are increasingly implementing college readiness assessments as part of statewide efforts to increase student awareness of, preparation for, and access to higher education. This brief outlines the long-term impact and benefits of statewide implementation of EXPLORE[R] and PLAN[R], two elements of the longitudinal-assessment program within ACT's College Readiness System. Comparisons of student academic performance in three states before and after statewide implementation of EXPLORE and PLAN reveal that, after implementation: (1) ACT[R] and PLAN Composite and subject-area scores increased; (2) More high school students took core curriculum courses; (3) More underrepresented minority students took the ACT; (4) More students became college and career ready; (4) In states for which data were available, college freshman remediation rates declined and the percentage who obtained GPAs of 3.0 or higher and re-enrolled for a second year increased; and (5) Participating states are estimated to have saved over $1,000 in foregone expenses for each additional college ready student after taking EXPLORE and/or PLAN. Each of these indicators shows a positive trend, as each is associated with increased social benefits in the form of a better-educated and more highly-skilled and productive citizenry. Postsecondary education institutions benefit if fewer of their students require remedial coursework and, instead, enroll in credit-bearing coursework earlier. Students benefit if they accelerate their progress toward degree by eliminating time spent in non-credit courses and attaining higher grades in the credit-bearing courses. Society benefits by reducing ethnic- and income-based gaps in educational achievement and productively employing a larger proportion of its human resources. Statewide adoption of EXPLORE and/or PLAN appears to benefit states by enlarging the pool of students who consider college and career and then take the necessary steps to prepare themselves for them. Converting a few percent of a state's population from high school leavers to college students, and another few percent from college remedial students to credit-earning college students, will transform the character of a state's workforce and, in turn, raise overall state economic potential. An appendix includes Statewide Adoption Years for EXPLORE and PLAN, by State for ten states that had adopted EXPLORE and/or PLAN as of February 2009. (Contains 9 notes, 8 figures, and 2 tables.)
ACT, Inc. 500 ACT Drive, P.O. Box 168, Iowa City, IA 52243-0168. Tel: 319-337-1270; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: ACT, Inc.
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas; Oklahoma; West Virginia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: ACT Assessment
IES Cited: ED506465; ED544765