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ERIC Number: ED504409
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 16
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Using a Market Ratio Factor in Faculty Salary Equity Studies. Professional File Number 103, Spring 2007
Luna, Andrew L.
Association for Institutional Research (NJ1)
This study used two multiple regression analyses to develop an explanatory model to determine which model might best explain faculty salaries. The central purpose of the study was to determine if using a single market ratio variable was a stronger predictor for faculty salaries than the use of dummy variables representing various disciplines. While gender equity continues to be a significant issue on college campuses, it becomes increasingly more important to define the relationship of both internal and external factors of faculty salary variability in order to effectively detect gender discrimination. This study indicates that the field in which the faculty member is employed is both a valid measure and a significant contributor to faculty salary variability. Furthermore, this study supports the use of a single, continuous measure that differentiates between academic disciplines over the use of multiple categorical variables. This study also supports research that suggests female faculty continue to choose to earn their degrees in fields with a lower market demand, which causes them to earn lower salaries. While the dummy model indicated that women's average salaries are somewhat less than male faculty, the market model indicates that women's average salaries are slightly above the average salaries for males. While gender inequity may not be a systemic problem within this group of institutions, further analysis on individual institutions or faculty members is recommended to identify significant deviations from the mean. Such studies could also incorporate a performance measure, which is problematic for studies involving varying levels of institutions with dissimilar roles, scopes, and missions. Although organizations such as the American Association of University Professors (AAUP) are trying to ensure that all faculty salaries are more market neutral, the affect of outside market factors on faculty salaries continues to influence the number of new faculty who are available to teach within a particular discipline, and the degree to which faculty salaries relate to salaries of similar career tracks outside of academe. There is evidence that a significantly larger number of females are choosing the higher market disciplines than in the past, and that females who entered previously male-dominated, higher paying disciplines many years ago are seeing the rewards of discipline choice. A bibliography is included. (Contains 4 tables.) [The AIR "Professional File" is intended as a presentation of papers which synthesize and interpret issues, operations, and research of interest in the field of institutional research.]
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Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Association for Institutional Research