ERIC Number: ED504198
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Stereotype Threat and the Student-Athlete. NBER Working Paper No. 14705
Dee, Thomas S.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Achievement gaps may reflect the cognitive impairment thought to occur in evaluative settings (e.g., classrooms) where a stereotyped identity is salient (i.e., stereotype threat). This study presents an economic model of stereotype threat that reconciles prior evidence on how student effort and performance are influenced by this social-identity phenomenon. This study also presents empirical evidence from a laboratory experiment in which students at a selective college were randomly assigned to a treatment that primed their awareness of a stereotyped identity (i.e., student-athlete). This treatment reduced the test-score performance of athletes relative to non-athletes by 14 percent (effect size = -1.0).
Descriptors: Stereotypes, Athletes, Social Attitudes, Laboratory Experiments, Academic Achievement, Identification (Psychology), Social Influences, College Students, Scores, Comparative Analysis, Social Bias, At Risk Persons, Labeling (of Persons)
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research