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ERIC Number: ED504150
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
Does Present Education Favour Executive and External Styles of Thinking at the Expense of Achievement in Science?
Gafoor, K. Abdul
Online Submission, Paper presented at the International Conference on Educational Research in the Era of Globalization (ICEREG-07) (Tamilnadu, India, Nov 28-30, 2007)
Background: This study based on Sternberg's theory of mental self-government (1997). Purpose: attempts to find out the preferred functions of thinking and scope of thinking among secondary school students and its impact on achievement in physics. Setting: secondary school students in Kerala state of India. Study Sample: A representative sample of 617 students including 344 girls and 273 boys, who have passed at Secondary School Leaving Examination (SSLC) examination in Kerala State of India. Research Design: Descriptive. Data Collection and Analysis: Thinking Style Inventory provided the measures on the thinking styles based on functions and scope of thinking. Index of achievement in physics considered in the study is the numeric grade obtained by the student in physics for the Secondary School Leaving Certificate (SSLC) examination. This grade point is derived as an aggregate of scores of a written test in physics conducted by the Board of Examinations (Kerala state), and continuous evaluation of the student in the school based seminars, projects and other assignments done in physics. Findings: In general, order of preference of thinking styles based on functions of thinking among secondary students are legislative, executive and judicial respectively. Boys are more legislative, and girls are more executive, than their counterparts. Among these students, External thinking style dominates internal thinking style. Girls prefer internal style of thinking than boys, while boys prefer external style than girls. Grade point in physics increase as the level of legislative, judicial styles increases. It decreases as the level of executive style increases. Though students with high internal style of thinking has higher grade in physics, and those with higher external style of thinking has lower grade in physics, these differences are not statistically significant. Conclusion: In functions of thinking, boys have double advantage that they have more of thinking style that favors achievement in physics, and less of the thinking style that demotes achievement. In scope of thinking, external style of thinking reduces the achievement in physics, markedly among boys. It is the preferred way of thinking among students irrespective of gender. (Contains 4 figures and 1 table.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: India