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ERIC Number: ED504142
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Mar
Pages: 89
Abstractor: ERIC
Educating School Leaders
Levine, Arthur
Education Schools Project
This report is the first in a series of policy papers on the education of educators. It offers a comprehensive analysis of the university-based programs that educate the majority of the nation's school principals and superintendents. Of the approximately 250,000 school administrators employed in the United States, nearly all were trained at schools of education, primarily in programs targeted to educational administration. Over the past 15 years, these programs have faced an increasing tide of criticism and diminished reputation. As districts and states explore alternative forms of recruitment and training, hold over administrator licensure has loosened. Drawing from a four-year study of leadership programs at schools of education across the country, this report offers insight into ways in which those programs operated, incentives that drive them, and recommendations for improvement, including: (1) Eliminating incentives that favor low-quality programs; (2) Setting and enforcing minimum quality standards; (3) Redesigning educational leadership programs. Three appendixes are included: (1) Data Sources; (2) Description of the Nation's Education Schools by Carnegie Type; and (3) Acknowledgments. (Contains 62 notes and 9 tables.) [For the executive summary, see ED504143.]
Education Schools Project. c/o Arthur Levine, The Woodrow Wilson National Fellowship Foundation, 5 Vaughn Drive, Suite 300, Princeton, NJ 08540. Tel: 609-452-7007, x131; Fax: 609-452-0066; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Annenberg Foundation; Ford Foundation; Ewing Marion Kauffman Foundation; Wallace Foundation
Authoring Institution: Education Schools Project
Identifiers - Location: United States
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A