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ERIC Number: ED504110
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun-23
Pages: 244
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Transformation to a Market Economy and Changing Social Values in China, Russia, and Eastern Germany
Swader, Christopher Scott
Online Submission
This thesis investigates the mechanisms driving changes in social values, or those values emphasizing relationships, intimate bonds, and families, in the new market economies of Russia, China, and Eastern Germany. It is hypothesized that tensions between social values and individualism, materialism, and calculative rationality have arisen as a result of the transformation to a free-market economy. Methods used are both contrasted semi-structured qualitative interviews with new-rich businessmen and their fathers in Moscow, Shanghai, and Leipzig and the secondary quantitative analysis of World Values Survey data. Findings illustrate the roles of cognitive adaptation, cognitive dissonance, ideological conflict, and intergenerational changeover as mechanisms through which individuals' values tend toward de-intimization as a latent effect of their adoption of the following "tools of success" critical to the core of capitalist market culture: profit calculation, commodified time, instrumentalization of relationships, image cultivation, personal ambition and independence, enhanced work focus, tolerance of failure, and moral flexibility. (Ten appendices are included: (1) English Interview Guideline; (2) Chinese Interview Guideline; (3) Russian Interview Guideline; (4) German Interview Guideline; (5) Respondent Profile Sheet; (6) Sample Time Diary; (7) Contextual Codes; (8) Description of Dataset; (9) Description of Key Variables; and (1) T-Test Results. A bibliography is included. Contains 13 footnotes, 30 figures and 14 tables.)
Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China (Shanghai); East Germany; Russia (Moscow)