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ERIC Number: ED503646
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Feb
Pages: 30
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Democracy for Some: The Civic Opportunity Gap in High School. Circle Working Paper 59
Kahne, Joseph; Middaugh, Ellen
Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE)
In a study of high school civic opportunities, the authors found that student race and academic track, and a school's average socioeconomic status (SES) determines the availability of the school-based civic learning opportunities that promote voting and broader forms of civic engagement. High school students attending higher SES schools, those who are college-bound, and white students get more of these opportunities than low-income students, those not heading to college, and students of color. The study is based on surveys of more than 2,500 California juniors and seniors over a two-year period (2005-2007) as well as on analysis of a nationally representative data set of more 2,811 9th graders. Students were surveyed about how their high school civic learning experiences aligned with civic education best practices. This report details those findings and offers three recommendations for policymakers and educators: (1) Professional Development and Curricular Support; (2) New Initiatives Focused on Universal and/or Low SES Populations; and (3) Undertaking Assessment that Inform and Direct Both Policy and Practice. Two sample descriptions are appended. A bibliography is included. (Contains 12 endnotes, 3 figures and 3 tables.)
Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement (CIRCLE). University of Maryland, School of Public Policy, 1112 Preinkert Halll, College Park, MD 20742. Tel: 301-405-2790; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Carnegie Corporation of New York; Annenberg Foundation; William Randolph Hearst Foundation, Los Angeles, CA.
Authoring Institution: CIRCLE (The Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement)
Identifiers - Location: California; United States