ERIC Number: ED503324
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Can You Recognize an Effective Teacher When You Recruit One? NBER Working Paper No. 14485
Rockoff, Jonah E.; Jacob, Brian A.; Kane, Thomas J.; Staiger, Douglas O.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Research on the relationship between teachers' characteristics and teacher effectiveness has been underway for over a century, yet little progress has been made in linking teacher quality with factors observable at the time of hire. However, most research has examined a relatively small set of characteristics that are collected by school administrators in order to satisfy legal requirements and set salaries. To extend this literature, we administered an in-depth survey to new math teachers in New York City and collected information on a number of non-traditional predictors of effectiveness including teaching specific content knowledge, cognitive ability, personality traits, feelings of self-efficacy, and scores on a commercially available teacher selection instrument. Individually, we find that only a few of these predictors have statistically significant relationships with student and teacher outcomes. However, when all of these variables are combined into two primary factors summarizing cognitive and non-cognitive teacher skills, we find that both factors have a modest and statistically significant relationship with student and teacher outcomes, particularly with student test scores. These results suggest that, while there may be no single factor that can predict success in teaching, using a broad set of measures can help schools improve the quality of their teachers.
Descriptors: Personality Traits, Teacher Effectiveness, Self Efficacy, Teacher Selection, Mathematics Teachers, Cognitive Ability, Scores, Administrators, Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Recruitment, Surveys, Predictor Variables, Educational Improvement
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research
Identifiers - Location: New York
IES Cited: ED544269