ERIC Number: ED503322
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Luddites and the Demographic Transition. NBER Working Paper No. 14484
O'Rourke, Kevin H.; Rahman, Ahmed S.; Taylor, Alan M.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Technological change was unskilled-labor-biased during the early Industrial Revolution, but is skill-biased today. This is not embedded in extant unified growth models. We develop a model which can endogenously account for these facts, where factor bias reflects profit-maximizing decisions by innovators. Endowments dictate that the early Industrial Revolution be unskilled-labor-biased. Increasing basic knowledge causes a growth takeoff, an income-led demand for fewer educated children, and the transition to skill-biased technological change. The simulated model tracks British industrialization in the 18th and 19th centuries and generates a demographic transition without relying on either rising skill premia or exogenous educational supply shocks.
Descriptors: Technological Advancement, Educational Supply, Public Education, Employment Patterns, Children, Unskilled Workers, Foreign Countries, Models, Industrialization, Demography
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research