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ERIC Number: ED503286
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Pages: 284
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Open Schooling for Secondary & Higher Secondary Education. Costs and Effectiveness in India and Namibia
Rumble, Greville; Koul, Badri N
Commonwealth of Learning
As defined by the Commonwealth of Learning (COL), Open Schooling involves "the physical separation of the school-level learner from the teacher, and the use of unconventional teaching methodologies, and information and communications technologies (ICTs) to bridge the separation and provide the education and training". Within this context, this report explores the provision of secondary level Open Schooling in India and Namibia, examining the National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) in India and the Namibian College of Open Learning (NAMCOL). The focus is on issues such as cost-benefit of the open school model, student profiles, how open schools complement the formal system, learner success, course development, open school management and quality assurance. Although recognizing that NAMCOL is essentially complementary to the formal educational system and that NIOS represents an alternative system to formal schooling, the authors acknowledge common problems such as low status, under funding and poor results. Despite challenges, the authors conclude that significant evidence indicates that open schools can effectively deliver secondary education to remote pupils that have never before had such opportunities and that, appropriately organised and with attention to cost reduction, open schools can be either a complementary or alternative system to the conventional school system. The authors advocate that further investment in understanding necessary factors for success in Open Schooling and the establishment of more open schools will be of key importance in meeting global challenges of environmental change, population growth, and resource and energy supply. Contents include: (1) Introduction: Background, Objectives and Conduct of Research; (2) The Development of Open Schooling; (3) Economy and Education in India; (4) Open Schooling in India: The National Institute of Open Schooling, New Delhi; (5) Economy and Education in Namibia; (6) Open Schooling in Namibia: The Namibian College of Open Learning: and (7) Conclusions and Policy Advice. Author itineraries are appended. Abbreviations and Acronyms, Acknowledgments, Report Limitations and an Executive Summary are also included. (Contains 414 footnotes, 2 charts and 112 tables.)
Commonwealth of Learning. 1055 West Hastings Suite 1200, Vancouver BC V6E 2E9, Canada. Tel: 604-775-8200; Fax: 604-775-8210; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Commonwealth of Learning
Identifiers - Location: India; Namibia