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ERIC Number: ED503235
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-May
Pages: 28
Abstractor: ERIC
The Costs of Out-of-School-Time Programs: A Review of the Available Evidence
Lind, Christianne; Relave, Nanette; Deich, Sharon; Grossman, Jean; Gersick, Andrew
Finance Project
Nearly two-thirds of U.S. families are now headed by two working parents or a single working parent. Accompanying the rise in working parents is a growing demand for high-quality supervised care and enrichment activities for children and youth during out-of-school hours. To make sound investment decisions, policymakers, program providers and budget officials need a clear understanding of the costs of a variety of out-of-school-time options. Up-to-date, reliable cost information is essential for estimating the full costs of quality out-of-school-time programs, as well as the incremental costs of improving or expanding existing programs. Since 1993, several studies have calculated the annual per-child costs of various out-of-school-time programs. These studies rely on program budgets and funding data as well as surveys of providers to collect information about the costs of these programs. Taken together, they provide a sense of what it costs to run out-of-school-time programs. Key findings from a review of the cost studies include: (1) There is a lack of up-to-date information on the costs of out-of-school-time care; (2) Researchers and practitioners do not have a standard methodology for estimating the full costs of out-of-school-time programs; (3) Findings from selected cost studies of out-of-school-time programs suggest a wide variation in costs, more than a fifteen-fold range; (4) Much of this variation can be attributed to program characteristics and methodological differences; and (5) Not much is known about the cost implications of investments that can improve the quality of out-of-school-time programs. Three appendixes are included: (1) Cost Data from Out-of-School-Time Program Studies; (2) Bibliography of Resources on Costs in Out-of-School-Time Programs and Related Fields ; and (3) Bibliography of Resources on Quality in Out-of-School Time Programming. (Contains 36 footnotes and 2 tables.) [This document was published jointly with Public/Private Ventures.]
Finance Project. 1401 New York Avenue NW Suite 800, Washington, DC 20005. Tel: 202-628-4200; Fax: 202-628-1293; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Wallace Foundation
Authoring Institution: Finance Project; Public/Private Ventures