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ERIC Number: ED503018
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Oct-20
Pages: 12
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 9
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Provision of Educational Technology at Secondary School Level in North West Frontier Province Pakistan
Akhtar, Sajjad Hayat
Online Submission
Purpose: The study looked into a descriptive research to evaluate the use of educational technology at secondary school level North West Frontier Province (Pakistan). The study has defined the availability, usefulness, problems, emerging trends and status of educational technology. The main focus of the study was the utilization and availability of educational technology. Data was collected through survey and questionnaires. Main objectives of the study were to determine the availability, usefulness, problems, emerging trends and status of educational technology. On the basis of previous research studies and insight of general literature, the following hypotheses were drawn to be tested by the present study. There is no significant difference in the status of the provision of educational technology at Secondary Schools in NWFP in rural as well as urban areas. There is no significant difference in the problems/issue of the educational technology at Secondary Schools in NWFP in rural as well as urban areas. There is no significant difference in the scope and opportunities of education technology at secondary schools in NWFP in rural as well as urban areas. Methodology: Data was collected through survey and questionnaires. Three different self assessment questionnaires on sampled principals, teachers and students at secondary level in six selected District of North West Frontier Province (Pakistan). For demographic profile percentage was used and chi square applied to measure the availability, usefulness, emerging trends, utilization and status of educational technology. Total GHS, GGHS, SSTs, Heads of the GHS, GGHS and secondary school students were taken as a population of the study. Total GHS, GGHS, SSTs, Heads of the GHS, GGHS and secondary school students were taken as a population of the study. Population No: 1 in April 2007 total no. of GHS, GGHS in six selected district of North West Frontier Province i.e. Mardan, Nowshera, Peshawar, Abbott Abad, Kohistan and Shangla were taken 87, 63, 87, 82, 14 and 27 respectively. In the period of study total no. of SSTs in Mardan, Nowshera, Peshawar, Abbott Abad, Kohistan and Shangla district were 511, 365, 640, 488, 84, 202 respectively. 360 Heads of the secondary schools were taken as population III of the study. Population No IV: 39595 students of the secondary level from 360 selected schools were taken as population IV: Heads of the schools, SST Teachers, students of secondary schools and GHS/GGHS schools total population 1,2,3 and 4 were taken as a sample 1,2,3,4 i.e. 25%, 25%,25% and 5% respectively. Result: The following results were made by the researcher in the light of the analysis of data. Majority of the teachers were not using educational technology; in addition computer mediated communication for counselling was not used. Further, computer is not used in science practical, over head projectors are not used, and educational trips and exhibition are not arranged. Inadequacy of trained educational technology teachers was also found. Lack of computers, non-availability of internet facility, lack of well integrated media with content as well as lack of provision of guidance and counselling was also noticed. Conclusion: It was found that majority of the teachers are not using audio cassettes in teaching learning process. It was discovered that radio and television are not accessible. The study identified that majority of schools are deprived of computer technology. Recommendations: Education technology i.e. radio, television, internet, computers, audio/video recorder, overhead projector, online lectures should be provided. The continuous system of curriculum revision at secondary level in accordance with the national needs, market requirements and capabilities of students should be introduced. (Contains 5 tables.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Pakistan