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ERIC Number: ED502902
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 35
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 60
School Restructuring Options Under No Child Left Behind: "What Works When?" Reopening as a Charter School
Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement
Several years after the passage of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), there are persistently low-performing schools in every state that face increasingly strong consequences for failing to improve student achievement sufficiently. In particular, schools that fail to make adequate yearly progress (AYP) for five consecutive years must engage in restructuring to improve student learning. Districts have several options for restructuring these schools. Although constrained to choose an option that is consistent with existing state law, districts can: (1) Reopen the school as a public charter school; (2) Replace all or most of the school staff, including the principal, who are relevant to the failure to make adequate yearly progress; (3) Contract with an outside entity to operate the school; (4) Turn the operation of the school over to the state educational agency, if permitted under State law and agreed to by the State; or (5) Engage in another form of major restructuring that makes fundamental reforms. This paper is focused on the first option, reopening an existing school as a charter school, examining what is known about when chartering may work for districts grappling with individual low-performing schools. Contents are organized into seven sections: (1) Methodology; (2) What Are Charter Schools?; (3) What Is Chartering Under NCLB?; (4) What Is the Experience With Chartering?; (5) Key Success Factors and Key Challenges; (6) What Further Research Is Needed to Understand Chartering?; and (7) Conclusion. The paper concludes that a school's ultimate success depends on the quality of the changes that accompany its conversion to charter status and the commitment with which they are implemented. As more districts and schools choose the charter option for restructuring under NCLB guidelines, greater knowledge will be built about the elements of success in the years to come. [This document was published by Learning Point Associates and originally produced in whole or in part by the North Central Regional Educational Laboratory (NCREL). The Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement is administered by Learning Point Associates in partnership with the Southwest Educational Development Laboratory (SEDL), The Education Development Center (EDC), and WestEd, and in collaboration with the Academy for Educational Development (AED), under contract with the Office of Elementary and Secondary Education of the U.S. Department of Education.]
Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement. 1100 17th Street NW Suite 500, Washington, DC 20035. Tel: 877-277-2744; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED)
Authoring Institution: Center for Comprehensive School Reform and Improvement
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001