ERIC Number: ED502823
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
The Prevalence and Effects of Occupational Licensing. NBER Working Paper No. 14308
Kleiner, Morris M.; Krueger, Alan B.
National Bureau of Economic Research
This study provides the first nation-wide analysis of the labor market implications of occupational licensing for the U.S. labor market, using data from a specially designed Gallup survey. We find that in 2006, 29 percent of the workforce was required to hold an occupational license from a government agency, which is a higher percentage than that found in studies that rely on state-level occupational licensing data. Workers who have higher levels of education are more likely to work in jobs that require a license. Union workers and government employees are more likely to have a license requirement than are nonunion or private sector employees. Our multivariate estimates suggest that licensing has about the same quantitative impact on wages as do unions--that is about 15 percent, but unlike unions which reduce variance in wages, licensing does not significantly reduce wage dispersion for individuals in licensed jobs.
Descriptors: Certification, Incidence, Labor Market, Union Members, Government Employees, Salary Wage Differentials, Educational Attainment, Private Sector
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research