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ERIC Number: ED502775
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 180
Abstractor: As Provided
Navigating the Information Revolution: Choices for Laggard Countries
Gatune, Julius
RAND Corporation
The rapid diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) during the last two decades has had a profound impact on all spheres of human endeavors, changes that are collectively referred to as the Information Revolution (IR). But the revolution has been uneven, with some countries being far ahead and others far behind in IR, resulting in the so called digital divide. Laggard countries need means to move ahead if they are to access the benefits that IR offers and not suffer the consequences of being left out. To navigate countries through the tempestuous waters of information revolution, policymakers in laggard countries need to understand the drivers of IR and how they vary across the various stages of IR. But policy makers are hampered by the lack of specific studies that could provide a tool to guide their countries through the information revolution. Studies on IR drivers have either focused on drivers of adoption of ICT artifacts (long run drivers), or the market potential of the various artifacts, or on the drivers of diffusion of ICT artifacts (short term drivers) as they diffuse to their market potential after introduction. This study identifies stages of IR, classifies countries according to their various stages, and using country-level data, identifies the drivers that are important across stages of IR. This is done at two levels: (1) drivers of diffusion of IR artifacts (short term dynamics) and drivers of the broader IR concept (long term dynamics). This study finds that at lower stages, the factors that drive the information revolution tend to be those that have to do with the development of markets. In the intermediate stages, demand factors are the key drivers. At higher stages, supply factors are the key drivers of IR. Current use level or epidemic effects are the key drivers of the short term diffusion of ICT artifacts. The overriding drivers at all stages seem to be levels of human capital, quality of governance and the extent of urbanization. This analysis unifies long term adoption drivers with short term diffusion drivers to develop a road map that points the way for laggard countries as they ride the information revolution. (Contains 63 tables and 14 figures.) [Financial support for this dissertation was provided by RAND's National Security Research Division (NSRD).]
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Frederick S. Pardee RAND Graduate School
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A