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ERIC Number: ED502511
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: As Provided
Trends in the Black-White Achievement Gap: Clarifying the Meaning of Within- and Between-School Achievement Gaps. NBER Working Paper No. 14213
Page, Lindsay C.; Murnane, Richard J.; Willett, John B.
National Bureau of Economic Research
We decompose black-white achievement gap trends between 1971 and 2004 into trends in within- and between-school differences. We show that the previous finding that narrowing within-school inequality explains most of the decline in the black-white achievement gap between 1971 and 1988 is sensitive to methodology. Employing a more detailed partition of achievement differences, we estimate that 40 percent of the narrowing of the gap through the 1970s and 1980s is attributable to the narrowing of within-school differences between black and white students. Further, the consequences for achievement of attending a high minority school became increasingly deleterious between 1971 and 1999.
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A
IES Cited: ED560724