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ERIC Number: ED502425
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 130
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 10
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-8447-8934-4
Use of an Aptitude Test in University Entrance--A Validity Study: Relationships between SAT[R] Scores, Attainment Measures and Background Variables. Research Report RR846
Kirkup, Catherine; Schagen, Ian; Wheater, Rebecca; Morrison, Jo; Whetton, Chris
National Foundation for Educational Research
In September 2005 the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) in association with the Department for Education and Skills (DfES), the Sutton Trust and the College Board, began a five-year research study to examine the validity of an aptitude test in higher education admissions. This report describes and explores the relationships between scores on the SAT Reasoning Test[TM] (also known in brief as the SAT[R]), attainment measures (A levels and GCSEs [General Certificates of Secondary Education]) and background characteristics of the student sample. The SAT[R] has three measures: Critical Reading, Mathematics and Writing. This report contains nine sections. Following an executive summary, section 2 describes the background to the research and the aims and objectives of the study. Section 3 outlines the methodologies employed and section 4 details the representation and background characteristics of the main SAT[R] sample and the subsequent sub-samples who took part in the student surveys in spring and autumn 2006. Section 5 reports the findings of the analysis of the quantitative data examining the relationships between the SAT[R] and both A level and GCSE attainment. These results are then explored in relation to two key research questions in sections 6 and 7, namely: Can the SAT[R] identify students with the potential to benefit from higher education whose ability is not adequately reflected in their A level results because of their economically or educationally) disadvantaged circumstances (section 6); and can the SAT[R] distinguish helpfully between the most able applicants who get straight As at A level (section 7)? Section 8 presents the findings from the questionnaire surveys and section 9 outlines future potential phases of this research study and suggested milestones when further results will be disseminated. Appended to this report are: (1) Spring 2006 Student Questionnaire; (2) Autumn 2006 Student Questionnaire; (3) SAT[R] Descriptive Statistics; and (4) Functioning of the SAT[R]. (Contains 44 tables and 24 figures.) [This report was produced by the Department of Education and Skills. Additional funding for this project was provided by the Sutton Trust.]
National Foundation for Educational Research. The Mere, Upton Park, Slough, Berkshire, SL1 2DQ, UK. Tel: +44-1753-574123; Fax: +44-1753-637280; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Department for Education and Skills; College Board
Authoring Institution: National Foundation for Educational Research
Identifiers - Location: United Kingdom (England)
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)