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ERIC Number: ED502387
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Assessing What Kids Think about Themselves: A Guide to Adolescent Self-Concept for Out-of-School Time Program Practitioners. Research-to-Results Brief No. 2008-32
Hadley, Alena M.; Hair, Elizabeth C.; Moore, Kristin Anderson
Child Trends
Children in the United States tend to experience a decline in positive self-concept during their adolescent years. This decline often begins around age 12 for girls and around age 14 for boys. For some, the decline can become severe in early adolescence before generally recovering in the mid-teen years. Having a negative self-concept during adolescence has been associated with maladaptive behaviors and emotions. In contrast, having a positive self-concept has been linked to positive social and emotional development. This brief discusses child and adolescent self-concept and provides information for out-of-school time program practitioners on how to assess self-concept among program participants. The brief also suggests ways that program practitioners can foster positive self-concept in adolescents, including providing praise for accomplishments, praising effort, working with the individual to encourage improvement in areas where he or she feels deficient, and refraining from using negative feedback. (Contains 23 notes.)
Child Trends. 4301 Connecticut Avenue NW Suite 350, Washington, DC 20008. Tel: 202-572-6000; Fax: 202-362-8420; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: The Atlantic Philanthropies
Authoring Institution: Child Trends