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ERIC Number: ED502261
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug-11
Pages: 25
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: N/A
Individual Differences in L2 Acquisition of Japanese Particles "WA" and "GA"
Mori, Sachiho
Online Submission
Although the L2 acquisition studies of Japanese particles "WA" and "GA" were investigated by many researchers (Sakamoto, 2000), they completely ignored learners' individual differences. Indeed, learners' individualities are important factors for the L2 learning (Lightbrown & Spada, 1999). Thus, this research explored whether learners' individual differences have any influence on the learning of "WA" and "GA." This study examined the learning of "WA" and "GA" through the learners' performance (cloze test and elicited interviews) and their preference (semi-structured interviews) in relation to their different Multiple Intelligences (Gardner, 1983). Three participants chosen for their higher scores on one of three particular Intelligences were selected from an advanced Japanese course at a university in 2005. The results showed that the learners' particular Intelligence did not influence their learning of "WA" and "GA" in their performance. Rather, they seemed to follow the common order; "WA" before "GA" and object "GA" before subordinate clause "GA" supported by the previous studies. Furthermore, the difficulty in learning "GA" seems not to be dependent on the different characteristics of individual intelligences, but rather seem to be based on the learners' common strategy use. However, their different intelligences did influence their chosen modality in the learning process. In fact, Sally (music intelligence) chose to learn through speaking, Jacky (visual intelligence) by visualizing, and Aaron (intrapersonal intelligence) preferred to learn alone. Consequently, the learners' different characteristics influence their preference but not their performance in learning of "WA" and "GA." Six appendixes are included: (1) The Six Functions of "WA" and "GA"; (2) Summary of the L2 Acquisitions Studies of "WA" and "GA"; (3) Multiple Intelligences Theory; (4) Multiple Intelligences Survey; (5) Cloze-Test: "WA" & "GA"; and (6) Interview Protocol. (Contains 8 endnotes and 2 tables.)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A