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ERIC Number: ED502255
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Aug
Pages: 1
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
WWC Quick Review of the Manuscript "Paying for A's: An Early Exploration of Student Reward and Incentive Programs in Charter Schools"
What Works Clearinghouse
This review examined a study designed to evaluate whether offering student reward and incentive programs in charter schools affects academic achievement. The study measured effects by comparing changes in average grade-level test scores in schools that had incentive programs to changes in schools that did not have incentive programs. The study author reported that charters schools that offer student reward and incentive programs had higher gains in reading test scores than charter schools that did not offer these programs. The study found no difference in math test score gains. The review reports that the research described in the study is not consistent with What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) evidence standards. The study does not provide evidence that these two groups were initially equivalent. Although the study's analytical methods adjust for some of the differences in school characteristics, it is possible that there were differences between the two groups that were not accounted for and these differences could have influenced test score gains. For example, schools that offer incentive programs may have more resources than those that do not or be more likely to implement other strategies for improving test scores. For these reasons, differences between the two groups of schools cannot be attributed with confidence to the effect of incentive programs. [The following report was the focus of this "Quick Review": "Paying for A's: An Early Exploration of Student Reward and Incentive Programs in Charter Schools." Margaret Raymond. Center for Research on Educational Outcomes (CREDO), Stanford University, April 2008.]
What Works Clearinghouse. P.O. Box 2393, Princeton, NJ 08543-2393. Tel: 866-503-6114; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: What Works Clearinghouse (ED)
IES Funded: Yes