NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
ERIC Number: ED502248
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Pages: 192
Abstractor: ERIC
Aligning School Finance with Academic Standards: A Weighted-Student Formula Based on a Survey of Practitioners. Occasional Paper
Sonstelie, Jon
Public Policy Institute of California
This report contains estimates of the cost to California's public schools of meeting the state's achievement standards. In the aggregate, the cost is about 40 percent greater than the expenditures of California schools in 2003-04. The bulk of these additional costs are for resources needed to boost achievement in schools primarily serving students from low-income families. The estimates derive from budget simulations conducted with 568 randomly selected public school teachers, principals, and school district superintendents. The simulations describe a hypothetical school, including the characteristics of its students, the cost of its resources, and its total budget. Participants then select the quantities of each resource that would maximize the academic achievement of the school's students. After making these choices, participants predict the academic achievement of the school's students. In the elementary school simulations, the measure of academic achievement is the school's Academic Performance Index (API), California's official measure of school performance. Participants in the middle school simulation also predict the percentage of their school's eighth graders who become proficient in mathematics. In the high school simulations, participants predict their school's API and the graduation rate of its students. Budget scenarios and student characteristics varied among participants, revealing how educational practitioners would spend additional funds and how they believe those funds would affect student achievement. Seven appendices are included: (1) Estimating a Linear Expenditure System Using Simulation Data; (2) Definition of Unit Costs; (3) Instructions for Elementary School Simulations; (4) Instructions for Middle School Simulations; (5) Instructions for High School Simulations; (6) Recruitment Letter; and (7) Estimate of School District Expenditure. (Contains 16 footnotes, 39 figures and 49 tables.) [The report was written with research support from Irene Altman, Sarah Battersby, Cynthia Benelli, Elizabeth Dhuey, Paolo Gardinali, Brad Hill, and Stephen Lipscomb.]
Public Policy Institute of California. 500 Washington Street Suite 800, San Francisco, CA 94111. Tel: 415-291-4400; Fax: 415-291-4401; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation; William and Flora Hewlett Foundation; James Irvine Foundation; Stuart Foundation
Authoring Institution: Public Policy Institute of California
Identifiers - Location: California
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001