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ERIC Number: ED502181
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Oct
Pages: 114
Abstractor: ERIC
Recession, Retrenchment, and Recovery: State Higher Education Funding & Student Financial Aid. Volume II: State Profiles
Ambrose, Allison S.; Hines, Edward R.; Hodel, Ross A.; Kelly, Kathleen F.; Mushrush, Christopher E., Pruden, Sheila J.; Vogt, W. Paul
State Higher Education Executive Officers
This report is a companion to "Recession, Retrenchment and Recovery: Higher Education Funding and Student Financial Aid" (ED502180). It provides profiles of individual states and their performance on a variety of measures used in the economic and fiscal analysis of the Recession, Retrenchment and Recovery project. The profiles describe the results of an analysis of 25-year trends for each state by examining that state's enrollment trends, appropriations for higher education, allocations to need-based student financial aid, and changes in tuition and fees at public institutions from 1979 to 2004. These trends are examined in the context of national recessions and related changes in states' economies that occurred during the time period of the study. A particular concern of the project is the impact of recessions and subsequent reductions in higher education appropriations on financial access (the balance of state financial aid and tuition and fees) for students attending public institutions. There were four national recessions between 1979 and 2004 that affected the economies of most states. In order to examine how states balanced tuition and aid over time and to identify states that were able to maintain financial access through recessions, two primary indicators were used: the Aid-to-Tuition Ratio and the Access-Cost Indicator. Both indicators incorporate: (1) need-based aid allocated to students attending public two- and four-year institutions; (2) weighted average tuition and fees at public institutions; and (3) full-time equivalent enrollment at public institutions. The Access-Cost Indicator also reflects 30th percentile family income. Both indicators use two factors that states can influence or control in efforts to maintain financial access to higher education. (Contains 1 footnote, 252 figures, and 100 tables.) [This project was also completed by the National Association of State Student Grant and Aid Programs (NASSGAP). For associated report, see ED502180.]
State Higher Education Executive Officers. 3035 Center Green Suite 100, Boulder, CO 80301. Tel: 303-541-1600; Fax: 303-541-1639; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Research
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Lumina Foundation for Education
Authoring Institution: Illinois State University, Center for the Study of Education Policy; State Higher Education Executive Officers
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A