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ERIC Number: ED502055
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Apr
Pages: 28
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 19
African American and Latino Enrollment Trends among Medicine, Law, Business, and Public Affairs Graduate Programs
de la Garza, Rodolfo; Moghadam, Sepehr Hejazi
Tomas Rivera Policy Institute
The purpose of this Tomas Rivera Policy Institute (TRPI) report is twofold: to provide an analysis of the enrollment trends for African American and Latino students among graduate professional programs in the fields of medicine, business, law, and public affairs, and to present other relevant data pertaining to African American and Latino students in graduate education. For this study, professional schools are defined as those requiring the baccalaureate for admission. These program fields are the ones that have prepared and continue to prepare elite leadership at both the state and national levels across a multitude of sectors. In addition, the report presents an overview of professional programs' abilities to attract Latino and African American students during the aftermath of anti-affirmative action policies. The data are, for the most part, presented by race and ethnicity, and based on the most recent publicly available information from government, private, and higher education institutions in the United States. The report is divided into two parts. The first section provides an overview of affirmative action policy and court cases. The second part analyzes the relationship between affirmative action and nationwide enrollment trends of African American and Latino students among the four selected professional programs: medicine, law, business, and public affairs. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, the Latino population in the United States comprises approximately 35,305,818 people, or 12.5% of the total population. It is primarily concentrated in Arizona, California, Florida, Illinois, New Jersey, New York, and Texas, states that contain populations of one million or more. Combined, these states have 27,129,590 Latinos, or 77% of the total Latino population (see Table 1). The African American population, which comprises 34,658,190 or 12.3% of the total United States population, is heavily concentrated in seventeen states each coining one million or more African Americans. Combined, these states account for approximately 28,757,385 African Americans or 83% of the total African American population (see Table 2). Together, African Americans and Latinos account for approximately 25% of the total U.S. population, however they only represent 11.7% of medical doctor degrees (M.D.), 13% of law degrees (J.D.), 13% of business degrees (MBA), and 23% of public affairs (M.A.) degrees conferred during the 2002-2003 academic year (see Table 3). (Contains 15 tables and 11 figures.
Tomas Rivera Policy Institute. University of Southern California, School of Policy, Planning, and Development, Ralph and Goldie Lewis Hall, 650 Childs Way Suite 102, Los Angeles, CA 90089-0626. Tel: 213-821-5615; Fax: 213-821-1976; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Tomas Rivera Policy Institute
Identifiers - Location: United States