ERIC Number: ED502006
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
The Effect of Grade Retention on High School Completion. NBER Working Paper No. 13514
Jacob, Brian; Lefgren, Lars
National Bureau of Economic Research
Low-achieving students in many school districts are retained in a grade in order to allow them to gain the academic or social skills that teachers believe are necessary to succeed academically. This practice is highly controversial, with many researchers claiming that it leads to higher dropout rates although selection issues have complicated previous analyses. In this paper, we use a regression discontinuity design to examine the impact of grade retention on high school completion. We find that grade retention leads to a modest increase in the probability of dropping out for older students, but has no significant effect on younger students.
Descriptors: High Schools, Grade Repetition, Dropout Rate, Probability, School Holding Power, Academic Persistence, Low Achievement, Educational Policy, High School Students, Age Differences
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.