ERIC Number: ED501988
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Are Teacher Absences Worth Worrying about in the U.S.? NBER Working Paper No. 13648
Clotfelter, Charles T.; Ladd, Helen F.; Vigdor, Jacob L.
National Bureau of Economic Research
Using detailed data from North Carolina, we examine the frequency, incidence, and consequences of teacher absences in public schools, as well as the impact of an absence disincentive policy. The incidence of teacher absences is regressive: schools in the poorest quartile averaged almost one extra sick day per teacher than schools in the highest income quartile, and schools with persistently high rates of teacher absence were much more likely to serve low-income than high-income students. In regression models incorporating teacher fixed effects, absences are associated with lower student achievement in elementary grades. Finally, we present evidence that the demand for discretionary absences is price-elastic. Our estimates suggest that a policy intervention that simultaneously raised teacher base salaries and broadened financial penalties for absences could both raise teachers' expected income and lower districts' expected costs.
Descriptors: Incidence, Teacher Attendance, Educational Policy, Incentives, Disadvantaged Schools, Socioeconomic Status, Regression (Statistics), Low Achievement, Elementary School Students, Teacher Salaries, Educational Finance, Teacher Discipline, Fees
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers - Location: North Carolina