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ERIC Number: ED501949
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Apr
Pages: N/A
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Does Female Schooling Reduce Fertility? Evidence from Nigeria. NBER Working Paper No. 13070
Osili, Una Okonkwo; Long, Bridget Terry
National Bureau of Economic Research
The literature generally points to a negative relationship between female education and fertility. Citing this pattern, policymakers have advocated educating girls and young women as a means to reduce population growth and foster sustained economic and social welfare in developing countries. This paper tests whether the relationship between fertility and education is indeed causal by investigating the introduction of universal primary education in Nigeria. Exploiting differences by region and age, the paper uses differences-in-differences and instrumental variables to estimate the role of education in fertility. The analysis suggests that increasing education by one year reduces fertility by 0.26 births.
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers - Location: Nigeria