ERIC Number: ED501944
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
A Unified Framework for Measuring Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods. NBER Working Paper No. 13236
Bayer, Patrick; Ferreira, Fernando; McMillan, Robert
National Bureau of Economic Research
This paper develops a comprehensive framework for estimating household preferences for school and neighborhood attributes in the presence of sorting. It embeds a boundary discontinuity design in a heterogeneous model of residential choice to address the endogeneity of school and neighborhood attributes. The model is estimated using restricted-access Census data from a large metropolitan area, yielding a number of new results. First, households are willing to pay less than one percent more in house prices--substantially lower than previous estimates--when the average performance of the local school increases by five percent. Second, much of the apparent willingness to pay for more educated and wealthier neighbors is explained by the correlation of these sociodemographic measures with unobserved neighborhood quality. Third, neighborhood race is not capitalized directly into housing prices; instead, the negative correlation of neighborhood race and housing prices is due entirely to the fact that blacks live in unobservably lower quality neighborhoods. Finally, there is considerable heterogeneity in preferences for schools and neighbors: in particular, we find that households prefer to self-segregate on the basis of both race and education.
Descriptors: Neighborhoods, Family (Sociological Unit), Housing, Metropolitan Areas, Correlation, School Choice
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R305E050137