ERIC Number: ED501938
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
To Segregate or to Integrate: Education Politics and Democracy. NBER Working Paper No. 13319
de la Croix, David; Doepke, Matthias
National Bureau of Economic Research
The governments of nearly all countries are major providers of primary and secondary education to their citizens. In some countries, however, public schools coexist with private schools, while in others the government is the sole provider of education. In this study, we ask why different societies make different choices regarding the mix of private and public schooling. We develop a theory which integrates private education and fertility decisions with voting on public schooling expenditures. In a given political environment, high income inequality leads to more private education, as rich people opt out of the public system. More private education, in turn, results in an improved quality of public education, because public spending can be concentrated on fewer students. Comparing across political systems, we find that concentration of political power can lead to multiple equilibria in the determination of public education spending. The main predictions of the theory are consistent with state-level and micro data from the United States as well as cross-country evidence from the PISA study.
Descriptors: Private Schools, Democracy, Educational Finance, Political Power, Public Education, Politics of Education, Theories, Family Income, Comparative Analysis
National Bureau of Economic Research. 1050 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138-5398. Tel: 617-588-0343; Web site: http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/get_bars.pl?bar=pub
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers - Location: United States
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment