ERIC Number: ED501929
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Schools and Location: Tiebout, Alonso, and Government Policy. NBER Working Paper No. 12960
Hanushek, Eric A.; Yilmaz, Kuzey
National Bureau of Economic Research
An important element in considering school finance policies is that households are not passive. Instead they respond to policies with a combination of modified residential choice and political choice of tax levels. The highly stylized decision models of most existing analyses, however, lead to concerns about the policy evaluations. In our general equilibrium model of residential location and community choice, households base optimizing decisions on commuting costs, school quality, and land rents. With both centralized and decentralized employment, the resulting equilibrium has heterogeneous communities in terms of income and tastes for schools. This model is used to analyze a series of conventional policy experiments, including school district consolidation, district power utilization, and different equalization devices. The important conclusion is that welfare falls for all families with the restrictions in choice that are implied by these approaches.
Descriptors: Place of Residence, Family (Sociological Unit), Educational Finance, Public Policy, Consolidated Schools, School Districts
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Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, MA.