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ERIC Number: ED501683
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Jun
Pages: 35
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
Making The Transition To Four-Year Institutions: Academic Preparation And Transfer. CCRS Working Paper No. 13
Roksa, Josipa; Calcagno, Juan Carlos
Community College Research Center, Columbia University
In this study, we examine the role of academic preparation in the transition from community colleges to four-year institutions. We address two specific questions: To what extent do academically unprepared students transfer to four-year institutions? And, can positive experiences in community colleges diminish the role of inadequate academic preparation? The results, which are based on analyses of Florida's unit record data of first-time community college students, indicate that a substantial proportion of students who enter community colleges academically unprepared do indeed transfer to four-year institutions. Moreover, successful completion of intermediate outcomes--such as passing college-level math and writing courses, meeting specific credit thresholds, and earning an associate degree--enhances students' probability of transfer. However, the ability of community colleges to mitigate the negative effects of inadequate academic preparation is limited: successful completion of even the most demanding intermediate outcomes does not alleviate the negative consequences of entering higher education unprepared. The policy implications of these findings are discussed. (Contains 15 footnotes, 2 figures and 5 tables.)
Community College Research Center. Available from: CCRC Publications. Teachers College, Columbia University, 525 West 120th Street Box 174, New York, NY 10027. Tel: 212-678-3091; Fax: 212-678-3699; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Lumina Foundation for Education, Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Columbia University, Community College Research Center
Identifiers - Location: Florida