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ERIC Number: ED501332
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-May
Pages: 134
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
The Bologna Club: What U.S. Higher Education Can Learn from a Decade of European Reconstruction
Adelman, Clifford
Institute for Higher Education Policy
This report examines the efforts of 46 European nations to harmonize (not "standardize") their higher education systems and indicates that the United States higher education system needs to adopt some of the features of the Bologna Process. Based on what can be learned from the Bologna Process, this report makes concrete suggestions for change across the U.S. higher education system. All of the suggestions follow a student-centered story line of accountability, including: (1) developing detailed and public degree qualification frameworks for state higher education systems, and, for all institutions, in students' major fields; (2) revising the reference points and terms of the credit system; (3) introducing a new class of intermediate credentials; (4) expanding dual-admission "alliances" between community colleges and four-year institutions; (5) developing and expanding "bridge" access programs between stages of higher education; (6) refining our definition and treatment of part-time students; and (7) developing a distinctive version of a diploma supplement that summarizes individual student achievement. (Contains 7 figures and 3 tables.)
Institute for Higher Education Policy. 1320 19th Street NW Suite 400, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-861-8223; Fax: 202-861-9307; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Lumina Foundation for Education, Indianapolis, IN.
Authoring Institution: Institute for Higher Education Policy, Washington, DC.