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ERIC Number: ED501051
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 21
On Pupils' Self-Confidence in Mathematics: Gender Comparisons
Nurmi, Anu; Hannula, Markku; Maijala, Hanna; Pehkonen, Erkki
International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Paper presented at the 27th International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education Conference Held Jointly with the 25th PME-NA Conference (Honolulu, HI, Jul 13-18, 2003), v3 p453-460
In this paper we will concentrate on pupils' self-confidence in mathematics, which belongs to pupils' mathematical beliefs in themselves, and beliefs on achievement in mathematics. Research described consists of a survey of more than 3000 fifth-graders and seventh-graders. Furthermore, 40 pupils participated in a qualitative follow-up study (interviews and observations). Results showed that mathematical beliefs in oneself could be divided, based on the indicator used, into three factors: self-confidence, success orientation, and defense orientation. The fifth-graders had higher self-confidence than the seventh-graders. Additionally, boys in both grades had remarkably higher self-confidence in mathematics than girls. (Contains 1 footnote and 4 tables.) [For complete proceedings, see ED500858.]
International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. 35 Aandwind Street, Kirstenhof, Cape Town, 7945, South Africa. Tel: +27-21-715-3559; Fax: +27-88-021-715-3559; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Grade 5; Grade 7
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Finland