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ERIC Number: ED500994
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003-Jul
Pages: 8
Abstractor: Author
The Spontaneous Emergence of Elementary Number-Theoretic Concepts and Techniques in Interaction with Computing Technology
Kieran, Carolyn; Guzman, Jose
International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education, Paper presented at the 27th International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education Conference Held Jointly with the 25th PME-NA Conference (Honolulu, HI, Jul 13-18, 2003), v3 p141-148
We present in this paper five case studies of instrumental genesis of number-theoretic concepts and techniques involving multiples, divisors, and numerical decomposition. The pupils, who were 12 to 15 years old, used the multi-line screen display of the graphing calculator to explore numerical tasks related to the "Five steps to zero" problem. The paper begins with a mathematical task analysis of various techniques that could be used to determine divisibility by 9. Findings show that the use of the technological tool permits students of this age to spontaneously develop variants of these techniques within tasks that simultaneously afford the co-emergence of related conceptual notions. (Contains 3 footnotes and 6 figures.) [Additional support for the research described in this paper was provided by CONACYT of Mexico. For complete proceedings, see ED500858.]
International Group for the Psychology of Mathematics Education. 35 Aandwind Street, Kirstenhof, Cape Town, 7945, South Africa. Tel: +27-21-715-3559; Fax: +27-88-021-715-3559; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, Ottawa (Ontario).
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada; Mexico