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ERIC Number: ED500871
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 26
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Compounding Challenges: Student Achievement and the Distribution of Human and Fiscal Resources in Oregon's Rural School Districts
Johnson, Jerry
Rural School and Community Trust
This report presents findings from an investigation into relationships between academic achievement and the distribution of fiscal resources among rural school districts in Oregon. The investigation was prompted by earlier-reported findings suggesting the critical nature of both achievement gaps and resource gaps among rural school districts in the state. A variety of statistical procedures yielded consistent findings indicating that there is considerable disparity in the distribution of fiscal resources among rural districts, and that the level of fiscal resources available to districts significantly influences educational outcomes. Interpreting these findings within the socioeconomic context of rural Oregon, findings include: (1) Districts facing the greatest challenges receive the fewest resources and produce the lowest levels of academic achievement; and (2) Districts facing the fewest challenges receive the greatest resources and produce the highest levels of academic achievement. It is a pattern in which the distribution of resources appears to be compounding, rather than mitigating, socioeconomic disparities. In effect, this maldistribution of resources appears to be working against closing achievement gaps. Results also indicate that the inequitable distribution of resources on a per pupil basis is not the result of the smaller scale of schooling in some parts of the state, offering further support for earlier-reported findings suggesting that school or district consolidation would be a poor policy choice. Three appendixes include: (1) T-test results for comparison of high- and low-achieving districts; (2) T-test results for comparison of highest- and lowest-achieving districts; and (3) Distribution of Key Variables. (Contains 4 footnotes, 26 figures and 4 tables.)
Rural School and Community Trust. 1530 Wilson Boulevard #240, Arlington, VA 22209. Tel: 703-243-1487; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Rural School and Community Trust, Randolph, VT.
Identifiers - Location: Oregon
IES Cited: ED556748