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ERIC Number: ED500822
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Jan
Pages: 41
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: N/A
Racial Transformation and the Changing Nature of Segregation
Orfield, Gary; Lee, Chungmei
Civil Rights Project at Harvard University
This report is about the changing patterns of segregation in American public schools through the 2003-2004 school year. It begins by examining the transformation of racial composition in the nation's schools, the dynamic patterns of segregation and desegregation of all racial groups in regions, states, and districts by using data from 1968 until 2003-4. It examines both the changes over the last decade (1991-2003) as well as those over a much longer period (1954-2003). Unless otherwise specified data from this report are computed from the Common Core of Data of the National Center for Education Statistics of the U.S. Department of Education for the years 1991 and 2003. Where data for a given year is missing, such as the racial statistics from Georgia and Virginia for 1991, it is noted in the tables and the nearest year is substituted and noted. It then explores the relationship between racial and economic segregation, documents the growing presence of multiracial schools, as well as discusses the implications of the lifting of desegregation orders on districts and the possible policy alternatives. The report ends with a brief discussion of what could be done to increase integration in schools. (Contains 81 footnotes, 15 tables, and 3 figures.)
Civil Rights Project at Harvard University. 124 Mount Auburn Street 500 North, Cambridge, MA 02138. Tel: 617-496-6367; Fax: 617-495-5210; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Numerical/Quantitative Data; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Harvard Civil Rights Project, Cambridge, MA.
Identifiers - Location: California; Nevada; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Brown v Board of Education; Keyes v Denver School District Number 1; Milliken v Bradley; Missouri v Jenkins; No Child Left Behind Act 2001