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ERIC Number: ED500723
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2006-Apr
Pages: 13
Abstractor: Author
Reference Count: 20
Invisible Obstacles on the Implementation of Multiple Intelligences Theory in K-8 Classrooms in Turkey
Kaya, Osman Nafiz; Ebenezer, Jazlin
Online Submission, Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, CA, 2006)
The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting the implementation of Multiple Intelligences (MI) Theory in K-8 classrooms in Turkey. First, it was made meetings in small groups (3 or 4) with 38 teachers in one of the first MI schools in Turkey during the first semesters. They were 22 elementary teachers from Grades 1 to 5 and 16 teachers teaching science, mathematics, social studies, Turkish language and grammar, art and music from Grades 6 to 8. The main goal of the meetings for the first semester was to determine teachers' knowledge level about MI theory, the sources that they used to learn MI theory and their attitudes toward MI theory. During the second semester, it was focused on exploring these teachers' difficulties in implementation of MI instruction in their classrooms through the individual and group interviews. Also, classroom observations were also done to particularly understand how these teachers use MI theory in their classrooms. At the end of the second semester, some of students and their parents randomly selected were interviewed to identify their ideas and attitudes toward MI theory. The data based on the interviews and classroom observations showed that although most of these teachers, students and parents had positive attitudes toward MI theory, there had some important difficulties in the implementation of the MI theory in the classrooms. These invisible obstacles on the MI theory in Turkish K-8 classrooms were: (1) external pressures imposed upon teachers by Turkish National Curriculum, (2) central assessment system, (3) the parents' concerns about their children's progress through the subjects of the National Curriculum, (4) the problem of finding time for MI activities, (5) limitations in teachers' pedagogical repertoires about MI activities, and (6) the difficulties of managing the MI activities. (Contains 4 tables and 1 figure.)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: Grade 8; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey