ERIC Number: ED500500
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008-Mar-16
Teaching Mathematics to Students With Learning Disabilities: A Review Of Literature
The purpose of this study was to review and synthesize available literature to draw a comprehensive picture of what is necessary to teach mathematics to students with learning disabilities. A systematic search was conducted through 5 computerized databases (Academic Search Complete, ERIC, Education Research Complete, and Primary Search) The descriptors used were "teaching mathematics to students with learning disabilities", and "effective mathematics instruction and learning disabilities". Only documents that were available in full text from the databases were included. The next step in the selection process involved a search through the reference list of the obtained articles. This review of literature found that there are four important factors in determining success in mathematics for students with learning disabilities (LD). They are: teacher training, teacher attitudes/perceptions, use of effective strategies, use of assistive technologies, and the application of an effective curriculum. Studies indicated that teachers are inadequately prepared to teach students with learning disabilities, especially in math. The use of effective strategies is especially important to students with LD. Use of strategies is even more important than using drill and practice and mediated instruction strategies. The curriculum's that most students with LD are exposed to are ineffective because little emphasis is put on the everyday application of mathematics in their lives. A comprehensive approach that addresses teacher deficiencies and closes the gap between research and practice is necessary to address the problems faced by students with LD. Well trained teachers will have the knowledge and skills to employ effective strategies, use assistive technologies, and have positive attitudes towards their students. The implementation of an effective mathematics curriculum that is relevant to students' lives and emphasizes problem solving will help students with learning disabilities acquire the mathematics skills necessary for them to be successful.
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A