ERIC Number: ED500471
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2003
Reference Count: N/A
Preparing Youth for Employment. Principles and Characteristics of Five Leading United States Youth Development Programs
Partee, Glenda L.
American Youth Policy Forum
At the international Youth Employment Summit, September 7-11, 2002, representatives from over 140 countries gathered in Alexandria, Egypt to share knowledge and experience and to advance the cause of better preparation of youth for entry into, and success in, their respective national economies. At the Summit, for the benefit of those with little familiarity with the American experience, Glenda Partee, Ph.D., president and co-director of the American Youth Policy Forum, presented an overview of five leading U.S. youth employment programs. The overview is designed for practitioners in both the public and nongovernmental sectors who implement youth employment programs, the policymakers who support them, and youth leaders who wish to: (1) learn more about principles and characteristics of leading youth employment programs now operating in the United States; and (2) identify components or entire programs which may be transferable or applicable to their work in other country settings. Youth employment program models discussed include: (1) Job Corps; (2) National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program; (3) STRIVE; (4) YouthBuild; and (5) Youth Service and Conservation Corps. Each of these program models has documented evidence of effectiveness in contributing to positive youth outcomes, including increased levels of employment, higher earnings, high school completion (or its equivalent), postsecondary attendance, reduced rates of reliance on public welfare assistance and involvement in criminal activities. The overview is presented from the following understanding of youth employment programs in the U.S.: (1) The primary avenues for employment preparation for young people are through formal secondary and postsecondary education, and business-supported on-the-job training, which are not discussed in this paper; (2) Federal government support for youth employment preparation has primarily been targeted to economically disadvantaged youth and those with significant challenges to successful employment; and (3) Many youth employment programs that have been replicated and supported by the U.S. federal government originally developed from privately-supported or local community efforts. (Contains 15 endnotes.)
Descriptors: Youth Employment, Models, Economically Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth, Employment Programs, Job Training, Welfare Services, Program Effectiveness
American Youth Policy Forum. 1836 Jefferson Place NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 202-775-9731; Fax: 202-775-9733; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.aypf.org/publications/index.htm
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Ford Foundation, New York, NY.
Authoring Institution: American Youth Policy Forum, Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Location: United States