ERIC Number: ED500379
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Student Assistance Team (SAT) and the Three Tier Model of Student Intervention
Knoblock, Kathleen, Ed.
New Mexico Public Education Department
The term three-tier model of intervention is a model consisting of three well-defined and separate processes running on different levels within a system. In New Mexico, this principle has been applied to develop a model of student intervention for school-aged students. The model has three distinct levels of instructional interventions that account for all students within a learning system. Each tier encompasses a layer of intervention or instruction that responds to student needs. As a student has more intense learning or behavioral needs, he or she may progress to the next tier that provides more intense intervention. Tier I provides primary intervention in the form of universal screening, appropriate classroom instruction, and school-wide interventions to all students. The majority of school-aged students at this level will respond successfully in the regular education classroom to appropriate instruction based on state and district standards. Tier II is designed to provide early intervention for a small percentage of students who are performing above or below standards in academics and/or behavior. Interventions for these at-risk students either are provided as targeted individual interventions in one or more areas. That is done through a Student Assistance Team (SAT) Intervention Plan, a Section 504 Plan, or through a specialized school program that includes small-group instruction. Tier II interventions are provided in addition to the appropriate instruction provided in Tier I. The interventions are designed to prevent, alleviate, or accommodate challenges a student may be facing, and may be short-term or they may continue for an entire school year. Tier III serves a very small percentage of students who demonstrate a need for an individualized program to accommodate and/or modify their learning or behavioral needs. Special education teachers, related service providers, and regular education teachers provide Tier III interventions that consist of specially-designed instruction and supplementary aids and services. Tier III interventions are provided to a student through an Individualized Education Program (IEP). This guide discusses characteristics of successful interventions, major areas of need, sample strategies, SAT responsibilities, and reproducible forms for data collection and record keeping.
Descriptors: Small Group Instruction, Student Needs, Early Intervention, Individualized Education Programs, Individualized Programs, High Risk Students, Disabilities, Regular and Special Education Relationship, Intervention, Screening Tests, Teaching Methods, Academic Standards, Classroom Techniques, Student Behavior, Related Services (Special Education), Program Effectiveness, Teamwork
New Mexico Public Education Department. 300 Don Gaspar, Santa Fe, NM 87501-2786. Tel: 505-827-5800; Web site: http://www.ped.state.nm.us/
Publication Type: Guides - Non-Classroom
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: New Mexico State Dept. of Education, Santa Fe.
Identifiers - Location: New Mexico