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ERIC Number: ED500036
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 6
Abstractor: Author
Targeting Reading Fluency for ESL Students: A Research Based and Practical Application
Brady, Evangeline Christina; Kritsonis, William Allan
Online Submission, Lamar University Electronic Journal of Student Research, Spr 2008
Fluency in reading refers to the speed and ease with which we read, according to the Government Partnership for Reading Publications. You might ask, "Why should fluency be taught?" According to "Research-Based Principles for Adult Basic Education Reading Instruction," National Fluency Government Partnership for Reading from 2007 "Students who are not fluent readers will spend more time on decoding than they do on understanding the meaning of the text." As we know, beginning readers are not fluent. Their reading is choppy, has mispronunciations, and has an overabundance of hesitations. There are three elements of fluent reading: (1) speed, (2) accuracy, and (3) reading with proper rhythm, intonation and expression. The development of fluent reading involves learning to look at each word quickly and efficiently. The eye movements of the struggling reader are fixated on a text and move backwards or skip words more often than good readers. Guided oral reading and frequent independent reading are the major instructional techniques used to increase reading fluency, according to this publication. [Abstract modified to meet ERIC guidelines.]
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A