ERIC Number: ED499994
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2008
A Culture of Evidence: An Evidence-Centered Approach to Accountability for Student Learning Outcomes
Millett, Catherine M.; Payne, David G.; Dwyer, Carol A.; Stickler, Leslie M.; Alexiou, Jon J.
Educational Testing Service
This paper presents a framework that institutions of higher education can use to improve, revise and introduce comprehensive systems for the collection and dissemination of information on student learning outcomes. For faculty and institutional leaders grappling with the many issues and nuances inherent in assessing student learning, the framework offers a practical approach that allows them to meet demands for accountability in ways that respect the diverse attributes of students, faculty and the institutions themselves. The first section of this report reviews the contributions that many organizations have made that inform the work of the Educational Testing Service (ETS). The second section provides an overview of two earlier issue papers published by ETS. The third section discusses an evidence-centered design approach to assessment that provides a useful conceptual framework for viewing the challenges within the accountability paradigm. This section discusses important issues such as validity and reliability and does so in a non-technical manner. The fourth section describes a seven-step process that can be used to guide institutions that are either re-thinking their approach to assessing student learning outcomes or are just beginning the process of considering how to develop these systems. An annotated bibliography is included. (Contains 2 figures.)
Descriptors: Higher Education, Educational Testing, Accountability, Outcomes of Education, Evaluation Methods, Student Evaluation, Inferences, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Research Reports, Sequential Approach, Concept Formation, Evaluation Research, Schematic Studies, Guidelines
Educational Testing Service. Rosedale Road Mailstop 19R, Princeton, NJ 08541-0001. Tel: 609-921-9000; Fax: 609-734-5410; Web site: http://www.ets.org
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: Educational Testing Service, Princeton, NJ.