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ERIC Number: ED499667
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007
Pages: 54
Abstractor: ERIC
ISBN: ISBN-978-1-921170-19-5
A Review of Indigenous Employment Programs. A National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation Program Report
Dockery, A. Michael; Milsom, Nicola
National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER)
This report sets out to comprehensively analyse major reviews and evaluations of programs relevant to Indigenous labour market outcomes, including national mainstream and Indigenous-specific policies. The main evaluations covered relate to the Aboriginal Employment Development Policy, the Indigenous Employment Policy, the Community Development Employment Projects scheme, Working Nation programs and the Job Network. Successive Australian governments over the last 20 years have focused on providing employment programs which support Indigenous people into their jobs. This report finds that the effectiveness of such programs has rarely been rigorously evaluated against their diverse objectives. It highlights a recent shift in policy toward strict employment outcomes, making programs easier to evaluate, but also cautions against applying the same "mainstream" objectives to all Indigenous communities. The first section of this report provides a brief background to the history of Indigenous people's engagement with the non-traditional economy and labor market following European settlement, including an overview of post-1985 developments in employment programs for Indigenous Australians. Two sections then apply the generic evaluation framework set out above to review and critically assess the evaluation of the effectiveness of programs in addressing Indigenous disadvantage. The first of these provides a review of the major post-1985 Indigenous-specific labor market programs and their evaluation, including the Community Development Employment Projects scheme, the Aboriginal Employment Development Policy and the Indigenous Employment Policy. The second then considers Indigenous participation in mainstream labor market programs and in VET for this period. The final section highlights the salient implications to be drawn from the review and offers some concluding observations. (Contains 6 tables and 1 figure.) [This work has been produced with funding provided through the Australian Department of Education, Science and Training. The author/project team was funded to undertake this research via a grant under the National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation (NVETRE) Program. For related support document, see ED499663.]
National Centre for Vocational Education Research Ltd. P.O. Box 8288, Stational Arcade, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia. Tel: +61-8-230-8400; Fax: +61-8-212-3436; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Adult Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: Policymakers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Centre for Vocational Education Research, Leabrook (Australia).
Identifiers - Location: Australia