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ERIC Number: ED499445
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2004-May-6
Pages: 14
Abstractor: Author
Sensitivity as a Privileged Predictor of Attachment: A Second Perspective of De Wolff and van IJzendoorn's Meta-Analysis
Nievar, M. Angela; Becker, Betsy Jane
Online Submission, Paper Presented at Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies (14th, Chicago, Illinois, May 5-8. 2004)
This secondary analysis of De Wolff and van IJzendoorn's (1997) meta-analysis of maternal behavior and attachment reexamined their conclusion that sensitivity was not a preferred predictor of attachment security. The meta-analysis included 66 studies with 123 effect sizes sorted through a combination of personal choice and homogeneity analysis into nine groups: sensitivity (k = 30), contiguity of response (k = 14), physical contact (k = 9), cooperation (k = 9), synchrony (k = 6), mutuality (k = 3), support (k = 22), attitude (k = 21), and stimulation (k = 9). A visual inspection of confidence intervals suggested a reconfiguration of studies combining similar behavior types of sensitivity, mutuality, and synchrony into a sensitivity group. Reanalysis of homogeneity tests indicated significant between-group differences. Finally, a contrast analysis showed that the correlation between sensitive maternal behavior (defined as sensitivity, mutuality, and synchrony) and attachment security was significantly higher than the correlation of the other measurements of maternal behaviors with attachment security. In sum, maternal sensitivity, compared to other types of maternal behavior, was found to be a preferred predictor of attachment. Future meta-analyses could examine other factors related to parenting that may have bearing on attachment relationships.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: N/A