ERIC Number: ED499350
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2007-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Core Issues that Must be Addressed in Order to Improve Vocational Education and Training in Indonesia. An Institutional Analysis
Cully, John H.
Indonesia, like many other countries has to come to terms with the challenges of a rapidly advancing economic globalization. In order to address the major issues involved the government must take some very essential steps that are practical, attainable and sustainable. With global economies evolving from a traditional resource structure to that of a knowledge based, the nation needs to adjust from labor intensive to a highly skilled and technically adept workforce. However, one major barrier to accomplishing this goal is the fact that the informal economic sector, which is by far the largest, continues to absorb the highest percentage of school leaving youth due to their limited education and lack of practical abilities. Working conditions in this sector can be extremely dangerous as there is little consideration for health and safety and no social security net to deal with the consequences from any disease or accidents that might be incurred by the participants. Employment in this division of the labor force is inclined to be menial with youths having very little chance of self-improvement. At the core of the problem is the fact that the education system is inadequate when it comes to vocational education and training (VET) as there are many factors that conspire to undermine its overall intention. Dealing with this condition is an enormous undertaking as it demands flexibility in an extremely fluid global market while at the same time improving communications, planning and cohesion between national, regional and local government, business, educational institutions, communities and the population in general. Furthermore, any restructuring must involve creating a social climate that will stimulate enthusiasm between participants so that they will be eager and able to create new business opportunities. However, from observations in a rural STM (Sekola Teknik Menegah) and collaborated through examining the situation in a number of similarly located schools as well as their urban equivalents across Indonesia will testify, there is a very wide gap between visible conditions and where the country needs to get to if its citizens are to realize their full potential. The succeeding institutional analysis scrutinizes current circumstances with regards to eight core issues that are extremely important in relation to Vocational Education and Training and offers possible suggestions in dealing with these most salient problems.
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Postsecondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Indonesia