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ERIC Number: ED498994
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2005-Sep
Pages: 3
Abstractor: ERIC
Excellence: An Immodest Proposal. Carnegie Perspectives
Shulman, Lee S.
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching
The writer describes a site visit to the teaching hospital of a major American medical school, part of the Carnegie Foundation's ten-year program of research on how lawyers, engineers, clergy, school teachers, nurses, and physicians are taught and how they learn. Of particular note to Schulman was an exercise known as "M&M" (Morbidity and Mortality), known colloquially as, "Where Did We Screw Up and What Can We Learn from It?" Realizing that what he was watching was an institution actively investigating the quality of its work and operating corporately to improve and learn from collective experience, with full professors learning alongside third-year clerks, Schulman advocates that this is an important model for the rest of higher education. It was a model not only of a powerful pedagogical process but also of procedure. Concerned that it is too easy to become comfortable with less than the highest goals for every student, the writer advocates that, in spite of finite resources, administrative and policy support, that educators should be urging more of themselves as educators. Education, Schulman concludes, is no place for modest ambitions.
Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. 51 Vista Lane, Stanford, CA 94305. Tel: 650-566-5102; Fax: 650-326-0278; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching, Menlo Park, CA.